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THE REPUBLIC OF ZAMBOANGA

FLAGS AND SYMBOLS FROM 1800 TO 1900 CENTURY


THE " REPUBLIC OF ZAMBOANGA "

According to some oral accounts , in may 18, 1899 - Fort Pilar and its Spanish troops, in Southern Philippines, surrendered to the Revolutionary Government of Zamboanga. Five days after
(May 23) The Spanish troops evacuate the city of Zamboanga for good, after burning down most of the city's buildings in contempt of the Zamboangueños' revolt against them.
Vicente Alvarez was chosen by his fellow Zamboangueños to be their first president and popular leader of the revolutionary government established immediately after the former Spanish garrison troops evacuated to Manila.
The rivalry between the local revolutionary leadership of President Vicente Alvarez and opposition leader Isidoro Midel allowed for the easy subjugation of the city by the American forces when Midel sided with the Americans upon their arrival. As a reward for his help, the new American rulers allowed Isidoro Midel to continue as president of the local government of Zamboanga for about 16 months, against the will of the people, after that Vicente Alvarez fled to Mercedes, then later to Basilan, when the Americans arrived and took control of the fort del Pilar.

The "Republic of Zamboanga" exercised de facto sovereignty over administrative functions and military control within their new country territory and was not subordinate or subject to any other government or authority in the country known as: " Las Islas Filipinas " ; "The Philippines "under United States conquerors and administrators President Alvarez proclaimed his new "Republic of Zamboanga" had overarching rule over the entire island of Mindanao, Basilan and Sulu - effectively the entire southern Filipinas, amidst a tri-party war between the U.S., Spain, and the Philippine Islands' natives. Although President Alvarez's overarching claim was grandiose (similar in context to proclaimed Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo's overarching non-de facto claim for the Islands of Luzon and Visayas as the Dictatorial Government of the Philippine Revolutionary Government on June 23, 1898), his more realistic sovereignty was over the existing premises of ancient Zamboanga, which can be estimated to be about the same size as present day Zamboanga City is. Nevertheless, President Alvarez and his troops, along with the redeemed Zamboangueños, became the only citizens of the Philippines who had complete sovereignty over their de facto jurisdiction .

VICENTE ALVAREZ THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT OF ZAMBOANGA

SUPPOSED FLAG OF THE " REPUBLIC OF ZAMBOANGA" , 1899

A 1903 flag catalog (Baker & Lockwood Mfg.Co: successors to C.J. Baker ; Awnings, Tent etc. ; Kansas City U.S.A. ) has illustrated in color the flags sold by that Company.
On page 74 above the flag of Prussia we can find out a blue flag bearing two white rings and a sort of white V set sideways.
The flag was identified as: " Philippine Insurgent ".
That's a good evidence of the existence of the flag attribuited by some vexillologists and researchers as the flag of the "Zamboanga Republic".
We just wonder why a so "unknown" flag , who belonged to a small entity was shown on a flag catalogue , side by side with so important flags like Prussia etc. ... .


SUPPOSED FLAG OF THE " ZAMBOANGA REPUBLIC " , THE DRAWING WAS ON THE FLAG CATALOG MENTIONED BEFORE LABELLED AS "INSURGENT FLAG"

(SUPPOSED ) FLAGS OF THE REPUBLIC OF ZAMBOANGA , 1899

We don't have great informations about these flags ;
the two crossed kris and spear shown on this version of the flag remind us to the flags of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu , also adopted since 1899 to the present days.
As told before we don't have strong evidences on these flag probably they never existed as flags of Zamboanga Government.

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