The Katipunan or Samahang Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (abbreviated to KKK) was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila in january 1892, whose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution. The society was initiated by Filipino patriots Andrés Bonifacio, Teodoro Plata, Ladislao Diwa, and others . Initially, the Katipunan was a secret organization until its discovery in 1896 that led to the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution.
ANDRES BONIFACIO CALLED "THE SUPREMO", ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THE KATIPUNAN
FLAG LABELLED BY MANY HISTORIANS AS THE PERSONAL STANDARD OF ANDRES BONIFACIO
This flag was a red rectangular piece of cloth, locally called "Kundiman " with three white K on it .
The adoption of the red color on the katipunan flags has origin in the various flags used in all the filipino, moro and malesian area as symbol of war and bravery ;it was also part of the traditional old tagalog dress; the"putong" , a normal male haddress in fact was red in the case of those who had personally killed an enemy.... * anyway we can't exclude Andres Bonifacio also used the red color on flags as a result of the reading of the book :" Les Miserables " by Victor Hugo,in wich it is spoken about the red flags and banners used during : "la Commune de Paris ", one of the first revolutionary riot against the french Monarchy.
* See the book : "Barangay ", page 197 by W.H. Scott
Picture of the flag or standard attribuited to Andres Bonifacio; the flag at present is kept inside the Museo Ng Katipunan, Barangay Bulaklakan , Lipa City.
The curator and the owner of the Museo ng Katipunan say who , according to an oral accounts the flag was donated by the Supremo to a prominent member of the local Katipunan in Lipa City.